tempura

3 real secrets of tempura making by Japanese

Tempura meaning

tempura

Tempura is not fritter. 

The reason why it is loved all over the world is because its texture is different from fritters and other fried foods.

So, I introduce the real Japanese Tempura, today.

I will also tell you the 3 secret ingredients and how to make tempura crispier, which only Japanese people know!

Especially, if you are working at Japanese restaurant as a chef, this article must be interesting and useful for you.

Tools

These tools are the same as making other deep-fried foods.
Bowl, whisk, tongs or chopsticks, batter, putting of net, heavy pot, thermometer and drain papers.

Although there is a heavy pot with a thermometer,  we put chopsticks into the pot for checking the temperature.

So, we do not need the thermometer.

Tempura Shikishi

We use papers called “Tempura Shikishi” that absorb oil easily.
It should be folded so that the corner of the triangle is on the left side.

We use this for putting and serving tempura.

“Kakiage” is a mixed-vegetable tempura. This ladle is for making kakiage easily.

3 secrets for koromo of Tempura flour

Play Video

“koromo” means batter. This means also clothing. 
Our authentic Koromo ingredients are

Egg 1pc
Water 200g
Wheat flour 190g

Well, some people use dashi stock instead of water…but this is not secret.

First, you need to mix an egg and water, then add flour.
Because the batter will be sticky. Please remember this sentence,

STICKY IS ENEMY OF TEMPURA.

And here’s 2 secret of Tempura flour…

Sparkling water 100g
Ice 100g

And this is last secret,

Starch 20g

This ratio at flour10: starch1, it will be more crispy!
However, these amount of ingredients change depends on their taste.

With mayonnaise!?

I recommend using mayonnaise instead of the egg. More crunchy. I often use this one to make katsu(cutlet in Japanese).

FYI:QP
Source: With mayonnaise! Crispy tempura

No foreigners know this secret

Surprisingly, Next secret is this one.
We stir batter only 10 times or so with chopsticks or whisk.
Of course, powder left…or rather, It is better powder have to leave.

If you want to make fritters or pancakes, please mix very much until disappear powders left.

The next sentence you need to remember is this.

NEVER MIX FLOUR WELL.

This is one of the most important to making Japanese Tempura.

You can recognize on this site

Tempura more crispy with 3 URAWAZA!

The secret techniques is called “Urawaza” in Japanese. This site is written about reason well.

Let’s show you our Urawaza technics of cooking Tempura!

No.1 Refrigerate every ingredients well

ref

1. The flour I wrote above, refrigerate for at least one hour…No foreigners know this one. Hahaha

No2. Dehydrating ingredients

paper

2. Wipe ingredients dry and let them cool in the refrigerator also. Especially, shrimp is very important to dewatering and cutting. 

You can read more information on this site in detail.

No3. Coating ingredients with flour before

flour

3. Just before frying, coat the tane with flour.
Heat oil to 175-180℃.

Deep-fry while dipping the ingredients.

How to fry Tempura

Vegetables and mushrooms should be fried at first with 150-160℃. Potatoes are fried for a few min. The others should be fried for around 1min. 

Meat and seafoods should be fried at 180-190°C for a few min also.

Do not put many ingredients at once. 

After deep frying, stand the ingredients on a net and drain the oil. 
This is one of the tips for making tempura without getting soggy.

Do not lie down, “stand” them.

Tempura recipe

tenpura

The ingredients are called “Tane” in Japanese. Any vegetable goes well with tempura. Even broccoli or coriander… as for fish, only white fish like garfish or smelt. I recommend you octopus, squid and scallops too.

kakiage

“Kakiage” means mixed-vegetable tempura. The secret is to make them so that they are 10 cm.

FYI: E-recipe
Source: https://erecipe.woman.excite.co.jp/detail/c400d5bcdf4e806e95916002f7901456.html

Toriten

toriten

“Toriten” means “Tempura chicken. Usually, Japanese fry only tenderloin (Sasami). This is not so common.
We eat with Ponzu and lemon like Karaage. 

Usually, tempura flour is not seasoned, but only this tori-ten is seasoned like Karaage before frying.

FYI:ASAHI BREWERIES, LTD.
Source: https://www.asahibeer.co.jp/enjoy/recipe/search/recipe.psp.html?CODE=0000000684

Go fishing and enjoy!

wakasagituri

When Japanese people go fishing, we eat fishes by Tempura on board or iced lake. 

Momiji tempura

momiji tempura

“Momiji” means Japanese maple leaves. In Osaka, there are also tempura of momiji.

This taste is sweet and crispy kind a rice clacker.

Tentsuyu - Tempura source

tempura tsuyu

Tempura dipping sauce is called “Tentsuyu” and is different from regular soy sauce and Udon soup.

Easy Tempura-tsuyu recipe

Dashi 200ml 
Soy sauce 40ml
Mirin 40ml
(As substitute for mirin, white wine 100ml + Honey 2 tablespoons )

Microwave at 1000 w for 1min. Japanese people add grated daikon and ginger…very easy!

Salt & Lemon

In fact, Japanese connoisseurs of tempura do not eat tempura with Tentsuyu. We generally eat it with rock salt.

Bolivia’s pink rock salt is especially goes well with Tempura because it is free of miscellaneous flavors.

Matcha salt

There is also “matcha salt,” which is salt mixed with green tea, the salt mixed with kinds Yuzu or Sanshou pepper.

Kawari koromo

An another ingredient added to the batter is called “kawari-koromo,” and the deep-fried with this batter is called “kawari-age”. 
I introduce them Japanese only knows.

Isobeage

This dish is mixed seaweed into the batter and deep-fried. “Isobe” means beach in Japanese.
We often make isobeage of the Chikuwa (White fish meat paste wrapped around a stick, formed and baked)

FYI: Su-san’s kitchen
Source: https://ameblo.jp/kimijunmiyu/entry-12163995968.htmlhttps://cookpad.com/recipe/6318132

Uni koromo

uni

Making a batter with 1:1 egg yolk and sea urchin.

Shisomaki tempura

sisomaki tempura

Wrapped with shiso leaves and deep-fried in tempura batter.

Shishamo(capelin), shrimp, chicken, eringi… you can enjoy wrapping all kinds of Tane!

FYI: Rakuten recipe / tempura rolled in shiso
Source: https://recipe.rakuten.co.jp/recipe/1620002569/

Soba koromo

The batter is made of 7 buckwheat flour : 3 wheat flour.

I already explained about Soba on another page. In Japan, Nagano Prefecture is the highest quality soba. They are also famous for Wasabi.
Why not enjoy Nagano soba with wasabi!

Matcha koromo

matcha

Batter with Matcha added. Add a pinch of matcha to the batter. Be careful not to add too much or it will turn bitter!

Matsubaage

matsuba

“Matsuba” means pine needles. “Age” means deep-fry.

Sprinkle matcha somen noodles over the batter and deep-fry.

The name comes from the matcha somen noodles look like pine needles.

Doumyojiage

sakura mochi

Doumyouji” / Doumyoji” means Doumyoji temple in Osaka. We often eat Sakura mochi made by Doumyoji flour in Spring.

This ingredients are mixed with egg white and dusted with Domyoji flour.

The others

In addition to this, there is also vermicelli and Karukan powder ando so on.

Well, they are not very common.

Although now is under covid-19, why not have a family tempura party?

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