Tsukimi (月見) meaning is moon viewing

When everyone look at the moon, they want to name it something. I heard that Native Americans also named the full moon.
But as for Japanese people, the moon makes us hungry.

Today I talk about moon and foods in Japan.


I’ve asked people all over the world what the moon looks like,
There is a girl holding a thread in Germany,
A man carrying woods in France,
There are crab or donkey around Europe,
Russian seems Cain and Abel,
There is a woman weaving a loom in Indonesia, and in Arab They seem a lion…cool!

But in Japan, we seem rabbits pounding mochi, rice cake with a pestle and mortar.

We are always thinking about cooking or eating something…

What isTsukimi ?

“Tsukimi” means moon viewing. China and Japan have had the custom of appreciating the moon since ancient times. After the festival of moon viewing was introduced from China, Nobles had “Kangetsu” party in which they would compose poems and enjoy drinking.

Especially Japanese decided to watch and worship the moon on the 15th in August and the 13th night in September of the lunar calendar.( 13th does not have meaning a bad omen in Japan)

This custom is just like a Thanksgiving in the West.

Tsukimi dango

In Japan, we devote dango dumplings (Shape is difference from region. Usually ball shape), beans, and chestnuts to moon. This dango is called “Tsukimi dango” in Japanese.

After the offering, it is believed eating these will provide health and happiness.

Tsukimi dango recipe

Although there are many kinds of Tsukimi dango recipes at a lot of sites, this is only basic recipe. 

I don’t know why every recipe uses tofu, but the basic recipe does not use such tofu.

FYI: Cookpad
Source: https://cookpad.com/recipe/6472067

Susuki (すすき)


 We also decorate with silver grass (すすき)and flowers. The silver  grass is offered as a way of inviting gods into the tradition.

Tsukimi recipes

No matter how we look at nice view, Japanese tends to associate them with foods.

We seem egg yolk looks like a full moon. Therefore, Japanese call the food with the yolk of an egg on it “Tsukimi”.

Tsukimi Udon / Soba (月見うどん / 月見そば)

This is called the tsukimi udon. It is served with a raw egg on top of the udon soup. 

Source: https://www.kewpie.co.jp/recipes/recipe/QP10005792/

Tsukimi teriyaki burger (月見テリヤキバーガー)

We have a unique teriyaki hamburger putting a fried egg between it, which is called “Tsukimi Teriyaki Burger”

FYI: Youtube
Source: https://youtu.be/CIl3MzBrRh4

Tsukimi hamburger (月見バーガー)

tsukimi burger

You can eat this menu at McDonald’s in Japan. This is sold from September to October every year😍

Source: https://mognavi.jp/product/33828

Tsukimi Sake (月見酒)

There is a custom of “Tsukimi Sake” that drinking Sake on 13th  September night.



“Monaka” means the central month of autumn. This is bean-jam-filled wafers sandwich cakes which is the image of full moon.

This crust is slightly different from the crust of wafers or macaroons…more light and moist.

Monaka ice

ice monaka

Now the meaning of monaka refers crust only.

There is square-shaped monaka.

This is ice monaka. There is not bean-jam but chocolate and vanilla ice inside! Very tasty and popular for long time😊

Monaka recipe

This is rare recipe! 

FYI: yurukurashi.com
Source: https://yurukurashi.com/cooking/2791/

Meaning of the moon around the world


In Western countries, moon is “lunatic” that means it drives people crazy. But in Japan, moon means looks tasty.
I know in Arabic, when they admire women, they say “You are beautiful like the moon”.

Traditional names of moon

I have heard the native americans use to track the seasons as names for the full or new moons for farmer’s almanac. These names are romantic (and looks tasty) for us!

Source: https://www.almanac.com/full-moon-names

How about sipping Tsukimi Sake while watching the moon on the 13th night of the lunar calendar?

And, Pray for peace…🤞

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